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Research Groups

Soil Microbiology, Bio-fertility and Bio-organic Fertilizer

Date: 2014-12-16

Leader researcher: Qirong Shen

Email: shenqirong@njau.edu.cn

Fields of Research: Organic Fertilizers and Soil Microbial

About the Team: A large number of solid organic wastes are generated in China each year, giving rise to such serious problems as nutrient losses and eutrophication. So the main focus of the research is the construction and control technology of microbial flora of soil with high fertility and can suppress soil born diseases and bio- organic fertilizer products. So as to provide technical support for the national solid organic waste recycling and soil fertility.

Major projects undertaken over the past three years:

1. Jiangsu Provincial Organic Solid Waste Resource Collaborative Innovation Center, Construction of The Platform, 20,000,000 yuan, 2013-2017; 

2. Study on Mechanism Model of Biofilm in Rhizosphere Bacteria in The Crop’s Root’s Surface, Key Project of the National Science Foundation, 3,120,000, 2014 -2018;  

3. Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Solid Organic Fertilizer utilization, Project for Upgrading, 5,000,000 yuan, 2014-2018.

4. Integrated control technology of crop wilt disease. National Research in Public Service Sectors (Agriculture), 23,700,000 yuan, 2015-2019;

5. Soil Microflora Characteristics and Regulation of High-yield and High-efficiency Soils for Crops. The state plan for development of basic research in key areas, 33,980,000, 2015 -2019;

6. Study of the key technologies for regulating soil microbial community and their mechanisms.The natural science fundation of Jiangsu Province, 1.000,000 yuan, 2015-2018.  

Representative Awards:

1. The project “Production of solid sporn and Trichoderma-based organic-inorganic-microbial mixed fertilizers by using straw and animal waste proteins” won the first prize of the Science and Technology Progress Award of Dabeinong Technology Group Co., Lts in 2017 (Certificate No.2017-DBNSTA-ZWYY-SHARE-No1-01-D1, Granted to Qirong Shen, etc.);

2. The project “Organic Fertilizer and Soil Microbiology Group” won the first prize of the Science and Technology Progress Award of the Ministry of Agriculturure and Rural Affairs of the people’s Republic of China in 2015 (Certificate No.TD2015-R-024-01, Granted to Qirong Shen, etc.);

3. The project “Treatment of dead livestock and poultry without pollution and harmless and high value-added resource utilization technology” won the patent excellence award of State Intellectual Property office of the People’s Republic of China in 2017 (Certificate No.ZL201410429510.0, Granted to Qirong Shen, etc.).

Invention patent:

1. China National invention patent: Treatment of dead livestock and poultry without pollution and harmless and high value-added resource utilization technology (Patent No. No.ZL201410429510.0), (Authorized to Qirong Shen, etc. in 2015); 

2. China National invention patent: A new method for directly producing organic fertilizer by straw and its products (Patent No. ZL201610131358.7), (Authorized to Qirong Shen, et al. in 2016). 

3. China National invention patent: A new method for producing solid sporn of Trichoderma spp. by using crop straw as substrates and its applications (Patent No. ZL2014102213545.9), (Authorized to Qirong Shen, et al. in 2016). 

4. China National invention patent: A method of producing bio-organic fertilizer by using acid hydrolysate and decomposed organic fertilizer (Patent No. ZL201510149568.4), (Authorized to Qirong Shen, et al. in 2016). 

5. China National invention patent: A new method of total protein extraction from filamentous fungi solid fermentation products (Patent No. ZL201710261618.7), (Authorized to Qirong Shen, et al. in 2016). 

Representative Publication:

1. Miao YZ, Kong YQ, Li P, Li GQ , Liu DY, Shen QR, Zhang RF (2018) Effect of CBM1 and linker region on enzymatic properties of a novel thermostable dimeric GH10 xylanase (Xyn10A) from filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus Z5, AMB EXPRESS, 8: 44

2. Liu HJ, Zhong X, Huang Y, Qiao CC, Shao C, Li R, Shen QR (2018) Production of Free Amino Acid and Short Peptide Fertilizer from Rapeseed Meal Fermentation Using Bacillus flexus NJNPD41 for Promoting Plant Growth, PEDOSPHERE, 28(2): 261-268

3. Shen ZZ, Penton CR, Lv N, Xue C, Yuan XF, Ruan YZ, Li R, Shen QR (2018) Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease Incidence Is Influenced by Shifts of Soil Microbial Communities Under Different Monoculture Spans, MICROB ECOL, 75(3): 739-750

4. Liu HJ, Xiong W, Zhang RF, Hang XN, Wang DS, Li R, Shen QR (2018) Continuous application of different organic additives can suppress tomato disease by inducing the healthy rhizospheric microbiota through alterations to the bulk soil microflora, PLANT SOIL, 423(1-2): 229-240

5. Kong ZJ, Wang XQ, Liu QM, Li T, Chen X, Chai LF, Liu DY, Shen QR (2018) Evolution of various fractions during the windrow composting of chicken manure with rice chaff, J ENVIRON MANAGEMENT, 207: 366-377

6. Yang XJ, Xue C, Su LX, Cao YF, Li HM, Wang K, Li R, Shen QR (2018) Exploring patterns of Camellia seed cake application in relation to plant growth, soil nematodes and microbial biomass, SOIL SCI PLANT NUTR, 64(2): 253-264

7. Su LX, Shen ZZ, Ou YN, Tao CY, Ruan YZ, Li R, Shen QR (2017) Novel soil fumigation strategy suppressed plant-parasitic nematodes associated with soil nematode community alterations in the field, APPL SOIL ECOL, 121: 135-142

8. Cai F, Pang G, Li RX, Li R, Gu XL, Shen QR, Chen W (2017) Bioorganic fertilizer maintains a more stable soil microbiome than chemical fertilizer for monocropping, BIOL FERT SOILS, 53(8): 861-872 

9. Zhang N, Pan RH, Shen YF, Yuan J, Wang L, Luo X, Raza W, Ling N, Huang QW, Shen QR (2017) Development of a novel bio-organic fertilizer for plant growth promotion and suppression of rhizome rot in ginger, BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, 114: 97-105 

10. Xiong W, Guo S, Jousset A, Zhao QY, Wu HS, Li R, Kowalchuk GA, Shen QR (2017) Bio-fertilizer application induces soil suppressiveness against Fusarium wilt disease by reshaping the soil microbiome, SOIL BIOL BIOCHEM, 114: 238-247

11. Xun WB, Huang T, Li W, Ren Y, Xiong W, Ran W, Li DC, Shen QR, Zhang, RF (2017) Alteration of soil bacterial interaction networks driven by different long-term fertilization management practices in the red soil of South China, APPL SOIL ECOL, 120: 128-134 

12. Su LX, Shen ZZ, Ruan YZ, Tao CY, Chao YF, Li R, Shen QR (2017) Isolation of Antagonistic Endophytes from Banana Roots against Meloidogyne javanica and Their Effects on Soil Nematode Community, FRONT MICROBIOL, 8: 2070 

13. Pang G, Cai F, Li RX, Zhao Z, Li R, Gu XL, Shen QR, Chen W (2017) Trichoderma-enriched organic fertilizer can mitigate microbiome degeneration of monocropped soil to maintain better plant growth, PLANT SOIL, 416(1-2): 181-192

14. Zhao J, Ni T, Xun WB, Huang XL, Huang QW, Ran W, Shen B, Zhang RF, Shen QR (2017) Influence of straw incorporation with and without straw decomposer on soil bacterial community structure and function in a rice-wheat cropping system, APPL MICROBIOL BIOTECHNOL, 101(11): 4761-4773

15. Yu GH, Xiao J, Hu SJ, Polizzotto ML, Zhao FJ, McGrath SP, Li H, Ran W, Shen QR (2017) Mineral Availability as a Key Regulator of Soil Carbon Storage, ENVIRON SCI TECHNOL, 51(9): 4960-4969

16. Xiong W, Zhao QY, Xue C, Xun WB, Zhao J, Li R, Wu HS, Shen QR (2017) Comparison of fungal community in black pepper-vanilla and vanilla monoculture systems associated with vanilla Fusarium wilt disease, Front Microbiol, 7:11177

17. Wang JC, Ni L, Song Y, Rhodes G, Li J, Huang QW, Shen QR (2017) Dynamic Response of Ammonia-Oxidizers to Four Fertilization Regimes across a Wheat-Rice Rotation System, FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 8: 630

18. Xiong W, Li R, Liu C, Ren Y, Zhao QY, Wu HS, Jousset A, Shen QR (2017) Distinct roles for soil fungal and bacterial communities associated with the suppression of vanilla Fusarium wilt disease, SOIL BIOL BIOCHEM, 107: 198-207

19. Wang JC, Song Y , Ma TF, Raza W, Li J, Howland JG, Huang QW, Shen QR (2017) Impacts of inorganic and organic fertilization treatments on bacterial and fungal communities in a paddy soil, APPL SOIL ECOL, 112: 42-50

20. Miao YZ, Li P, Li GQ, Liu DY, Druzhinina IS, Kubicek CP, Shen QR, Zhang RF (2017) Two degradation strategies for overcoming the recalcitrance of natural lignocellulosic xylan by polysaccharides-binding GH10 and GH11 xylanases of filamentous fungi, ENVIRON MICROBIOL, 19(3): 1054-1064

21. Wang L, Li J, Yang F, E YY, Raza W, Huang QW, Shen QR (2017) Application of Bioorganic Fertilizer Significantly Increased Apple Yields and Shaped Bacterial Community Structure in Orchard Soil, MICROB ECOL, 73 (2): 404-41236

22. Cai F, Pang G, Miao YZ, Li RX, Li R, Shen QR, Chen W (2017) The nutrient preference of plants influences their rhizosphere microbiome, APPL SOIL ECOL, 110: 146-150

23. Fu L, Penton CR, Ruan YZ, Shen ZZ, Xue C, Li R, Shen QR (2017) Inducing the rhizosphere microbiome by biofertilizer application to suppress banana Fusarium wilt disease, SOIL BIOL BIOCHEM, 104: 39-48

24. Wang L, Yang F, Yaoyao E, Yuan J, Raza W, Huang QW, Shen QR (2016) Long-Term Application of Bioorganic Fertilizers Improved Soil Biochemical Properties and Microbial Communities of an Apple Orchard Soil, FRONT MICROBIL, 7: 1893

25. Liu HJ, Chen DD, Zhang RF, Hang XN, Li R, Shen QR (2016) Amino Acids Hydrolyzed from Animal Carcasses Are a Good Additive for the Production of Bio-organic Fertilizer, FRONT MICROBIL, 7: 1290

26. Wang JC, Xue C, Song Y, Wang L, Huang QW, Shen QR (2016) Wheat and Rice Growth Stages and Fertilization Regimes Alter Soil Bacterial Community Structure, But Not Diversity, FRONT MICROBIL, 7: 1207

27. Li R, Shen ZZ, Sun L, Zhang RF, Fu L, Deng XH, Shen QR (2016) Novel soil fumigation method for suppressing cucumber Fusarium wilt disease associated with soil microflora alterations, APPL SOIL ECOL, 101: 28-36

28. Zhang FG, Meng XH, Feng CL, Ran W, Yu GH, Zhang YJ, Shen QR (2016) Hydrolytic Amino Acids Employed as a Novel Organic Nitrogen Source for the Preparation of PGPF-Containing Bio-Organic Fertilizer for Plant Growth Promotion and Characterization of Substance Transformation during BOF Production, PLOS ONE, 11(3): e0149447

29. Zhao J, Ni T, Li J, Lu Q, Fang ZY, Huang QW, Zhang RF, Li R, Shen B, Shen QR (2016) Effects of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer with reduced chemical fertilizer application on crop yields, soil biological activity and bacterial community structure in a rice-wheat cropping system, APPL SOIL ECOL, 99: 1-12

30. Zhang J, Akcapinar GB, Atanasova L, Rahim MJ, Przylucka A, Yang DQ, Kubicek CP, Zhang RF, Shen QR, Druzhinina I (2016) The neutral metallopeptidase NMP1 of Trichoderma guizhouense is required for mycotrophy and self-defence, ENVIRON MICROBIOL, 18(2): 580-597